Lal Bahadur Shastri ( Lal Bahadur Shastri ) was born on October 2, 1904 Mughalsarai (Uttar Pradesh) .Lal Bahadur Shastri’s mother’s name was Ramdulari Devi .
He was the second Prime Minister of India. He remained the Prime Minister of India for nearly eighteen months from 9 June 1964 until his death on 11 January 1966. Shastriji was made the Prime Minister of the country in 1964 after Jawaharlal Nehru died on May 27, 1964, during his tenure as Prime Minister.
He assumed the office of the Prime Minister of India on 9 June 1964. During his reign, the Indo-Pak war of 1965 started. Shastriji unexpectedly defeated Pakistan in this war. Pakistan had never imagined this in its dream.
He died under mysterious circumstances on the night of 11 January 1966 after signing an agreement to end the war with the President of Pakistan Ayub Khan in Tashkent.
Full name – Lal Bahadur Shastri
Born – 2 October 1904
Parents – Sharda Prasad Srivastava, Ramdulari
Spouse – Lalitha Shastri
Died – 11 January 1966
Here are some facts and anecdotes from his life that exemplify the principles he lived by.
Protested against the caste system
Since he didn’t believe in the caste system, he gave up his surname as a young schoolboy. The title “Shastri” was bestowed on him upon graduating from Kashi Vidyapeeth, as a mark of scholarly achievement.
Patriotic from a young age
As a patriotic young boy, he was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi and his call to join the Non-Cooperation Movement at the young age of 16. In his maiden Independence Day speech in 1964, Shastri told the youth to strive for moral strength and character, “I appeal to our young men to inculcate discipline in themselves discipline and work for the unity and advancement of the nation.”
Simple living, high thinking
When he married in 1928, at the insistence of his in-laws to accept dowry, he took a charkha (spinning wheel) and some khadi cloth. Even when he passed away, he reportedly had no property in his name and left behind a few books and a dhoti-kurta. As a child, Shastri is known to have swum across the river to reach school to save his impoverished family money to pay for a boat ride.
A compassionate, forward-thinking leader
He had many pioneering initiatives to his credit, such as using water jets to disperse crowds instead of a lathi-charge and making it possible for women to be appointed as conductors in public transport facilities. He also raised the slogan of “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan” during the Indo-Pakistan war in 1965 and paved the way for India’s food self-sufficiency.
Honesty was always the best policy
Since the children were rarely allowed to use the official car to go to school when their father was Prime Minister, the family decided to buy a Fiat car for Rs. 12,000. A bank loan for Rs. 5,000 was taken, which Shastri’s widow had to clear after his sudden death, from his pension.
On a visit to a textile mill as Prime Minister, when the owner offered to gift him expensive sarees, Shastri insisted on buying and paying for only those he could afford. He also had an undue promotion for his son overturned.